¿Qué nos dice el Índice de Restricciones de Visa de Henley & Partners sobre política exterior?
At the beginning of 2019,
famous media published the list of the most powerful passports in the world.
These publications are based on the Henley & Partners Passport Index,
a list based on data provided by IATA,
better known as the International Air Transport Association.
The position in the ranking is due to the number of countries
that the citizens of a nation can access without needing to process a visa.
What factors influence the no restriction of visa?
In a brief comparison with other indicators,
it was found that the Henley & Partners Passport Index
is related to the economy and the peace of a nation.
the indicator has a special relationship with the foreign and migratory policy of a country.
An example of the above is the case of the United States.
In 2006, the North American country shared the first place in the ranking with Denmark and Finland.
However, in 2019, it fell to the sixth position, with 17 nations above.
One of the causes that influenced the US fall was the change in their migratory policy,
which aimed to reduce the entry of immigrants, including for beneficiaries of O Visas ,
a document of non-permanent residence for individuals with skills or extraordinary achievements.
On the other hand, Japan, Singapore and South Korea ascended to the first place.
In part, for its open migratory policies.
An example of the above is the immigration laws created by the Republic of Singapore,
which was one of the factors that led the Asian country to lead the World Competitiveness Ranking 2019.
But, what does the Henley & Partners Passport Index tell us about Latin America?
According to the Global Mobility Report,
in recent years, in Latin America,
migration and mobility have been dominated by the massive emigration of Venezuelans and Nicaraguans.
in fact, in the Henley & Partners Passport Index,
Venezuela had a slight decrease,
from 25th place, in 2014, to 35th, in 2019.
On the other hand,
one of the nations that surprised by its increase in the Henley & Partners Passport Index was Colombia.
In 2006, a Colombian citizen could visit 32 countries without the need for a visa.
In 2019, it can travel to 127 nations without requiring it.
The foregoing is the product of the effects of the Peace Agreement in foreign policy.
But, why is the non-restriction of the visa important?
Basically, the non-restriction of the visa measures the freedom of travel of the citizens of a nation.
In addition, this indicator is used to measure the Nationality Quality Index,
a reference on the limitations and opportunities that nationalities impose on their citizens.
On the other hand, Dominic Volek, member of the Immigration Investment Council,
estimated that an “open doors” policy could potentially contribute to the global economy,
generating USD 206 billion dollars in additional revenue for tourism
and creating up to 5.1 million of jobs.
Finally, one question remains:
are the efforts of the governments of Latin America in matters of foreign policy and migration
aimed at increasing freedom of travel?